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Accessibility Statement for Lawbore City Hub

Site introduction

This accessibility statement applies to the website "Lawbore City Hub" under the domain It belongs to the family of websites run by Lawbore at the City Law School, City, University of London. There are several websites in this family, namely: Lawbore Directory, Lawbore City Hub, Lawbore Future Lawyer, TLDR Gallery, City Law School ♥ Mooting, and Learnmore. We have written the accessibility statements individually for each one as they are based on a variety of technologies and are of differing ages and complexities.

Overview of accessibility goals

We want as many people as possible to be able to use this website. Our aim is for students with disabilities to be able to access and easily use all information and functionality on the site that is useful for their studies. For example, this means you should be able to:

  • navigate through the site using ARIA landmarks and semantic headings
  • zoom the full page up to 200% without issues
  • navigate the website in a sensible order using just a keyboard
  • navigate most of the website using speech recognition software
  • listen to the website using a screen-reader
  • override some basic text styling on the page body to improve readability
  • receive intelligent screen-reader feedback and labels on most visually interactive components

AbilityNet has advice on making your device easier to use if you have a disability.

How accessible this website is

We have made many adjustments to this site so that the essential functionality is available to users with assistive technologies. This includes making the site workable with keyboard only, readable with a screen-reader, and allowing styles to be added to the page body to override most default text rendering.

However, we know some parts of this website are not 100% accessible. We have done our best to minimise the inaccessible parts to non-essential information and functionality. Further details are below in the Non-Accessible Content section.

How we tested this website for accessibility

We have undertaken an in-house assessment of accessibility of each of the Lawbore family of websites. This was conducted by the original website developer in consultation with the staff responsible for the concepts and content.

We believe we have done a thorough assessment in identifying problem areas. We used several different testing modalities and tools, including Chromevox and NVDA screenreaders, and AXE and WAVE automated testers. We also undertook many hours of manual testing. As a result of this we have been able to address or suggest workarounds for many issues. Some of the more difficult issues we will be addressing in the near future. A few issues we judged as representing a disproportionate burden to fully test and adapt for accessibility.

What to do if you can’t access parts of this website

If you need are experiencing difficulties accessing the information on this website and need it in a different format like accessible PDF, large print, easy read, audio recording or braille, please contact Emily Allbon, Senior Law Lecturer at :

  • Email (preferred):
  • Tel: +44 (0)20 7040 3075
  • Twitter: @lawbore

We’ll consider your request and get back to you in 3-5 working days.

In the footer of this site you'll also find the full contact details of the Law School which is responsible this site. You may also contact us in person or by telephone there.

Invitation for feedback

We remain committed to improving the accessibility of these sites wherever any shortfalls are made known to us. We invite both informal and formal feedback from any user experiencing accessibility problems and we welcome a dialogue with anyone affected.

Reporting accessibility problems with this website

If you find any problems not listed on this page or think we’re not meeting accessibility requirements, contact Emily Allbon at:

  • Email (preferred):
  • Tel: +44 (0)20 7040 3075
  • Twitter: @lawbore

We have the capability to respond quickly to any technical issues that fall under maintenance agreements with the website developer. If we are unable to immediately solve a technical accessibility issue we will endeavour to provide you with an accessible alternative version of the same information, if applicable.

Enforcement procedure

The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) is responsible for enforcing the Public Sector Bodies (Websites and Mobile Applications) (No. 2) Accessibility Regulations 2018 (the ‘accessibility regulations’). If you’re not happy with how we respond to your complaint, contact the Equality Advisory and Support Service (EASS).

Technical information about this website’s accessibility

The City Law School is committed to making its websites accessible, in accordance with the Public Sector Bodies (Websites and Mobile Applications) (No. 2) Accessibility Regulations 2018.

Compliance Status

This website is partially compliant with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines version 2.1 AA standard, due to the non-compliances listed below.

Non-accessible content

The content listed below is non- or only partially-accessible for the following reasons.

Non-compliance with the accessibility regulations

  • A few fixed-size components are used which may cause text to overspill or overlap when zoomed in on "zoom text only" mode in the browser. This potentially fails WCAG 2.1 AA criteria 1.4.4, although it will pass the criteria if the site is zoomed as a whole.
  • A few fixed-size components are used which may cause text to overspill or overlap when styles are changed to increase word or letter spacing under a few circumstances. This potentially fails WCAG 2.1 AA criteria 1.4.12.
  • Some text has insufficient contrast against the background, as determined by automated testing tools. This potentially fails WCAG 2.1 AA criteria 1.4.3.
  • Some user-interface components are useable by keyboard and screenreaders but may have minor inconveniences in regard to focussing order (criteria 2.4.3) and status-change labelling (criteria 3.3.2 and 4.1.3).
  • Although the site responds to typical desktop and mobile screen resolutions, it is not fully responsive and does not reflow to all possible screen resolutions. This may fail WCAG 2.1 AA criteria 1.4.10.

Disproportionate burden

The following areas were deemed to be a disproportionate burden in testing and / or fully adapting them for accessibility: They all represent non-essential information or functionality.

  • Adaptation of the Twitter widget for full accessibility
  • Adaptation of the Instagram widget for full accessibility

What we’ve done already to improve accessibility

  • We've already done much ARIA labelling of items, widgets and landmarks, and will continue to add to these.
  • In response to accessibility concerns we have simplified the interactive behaviour of some user-interface elements; for instance, the topic pages on the Lawbore Directory.
  • We've used Javascript in some places to improve the focussing order and to include status change feedback on important elements.
  • We've added in some basic hidden "skip ahead" links and will be improving these in scope and presentation over the coming year.
  • In response to text-only zooming issues, we suggest zooming the whole page as one, rather than only increasing the text size.
  • We have adapted the interactive search pages for our e-journal and e-text listings to greatly improve their functionality under keyboard-only and screen-reader use.

What we will do in the near future to improve accessibility

  • We will be improving issue of colour contrast in the near future. This is taking longer because it will require a redesign of the site livery. We will need to price this work separately and engage an external developer to implement it.
  • We are currently in dialogue with the website developer with a view to replacing or offering alternatives the few widgets and user-interface components which fall short of WCAG 2.1 AA standards, including the ones which we judged to be a disproportionate burden under our initial budget for assessment and adaptation. We hope to be able to undertake this work in the academic year 2020-21.

Preparation of this accessibility statement

This statement was prepared on 21 September 2020. It was last revised on 22 September 2020.

This website was last tested on 23 September 2020. The test was carried out in-house in co-operation with the original website developer.

How we tested the Lawbore websites

The number, size, age and technical variety of the Lawbore family of websites – six large sites containing many hundreds of pages in total, and developed incrementally over a period of 17 years – meant that outsourcing a full assessment of all sites to a specialist service would have been financially prohibitive. Within the budget limitations for these websites we have combined a detailed in-house testing regimen for the all the commonly-used areas with a limited testing regimen for the infrequently used or supplemental areas.

For instance, on the Lawbore Directory we exhaustively tested and adapted the main directory functionality but did only basic testing and adaptation on the "report a broken link" dialog and Emily's Twitter feed. This approach is in accordance with the government advice for large sites of limited means, where in-depth testing and adaptation of everything would represent a disproportionate burden.

Where many pages were similar and based on the same web template, we tested only two or three examples of them.

Site information and credits

Lawbore City Hub collects together electronic resources for our own undergraduate law students. Although much of the material is only accessible by our students, some of it will still interest students from other universities.


These pages are easily navigable using the ARIA landmarks.

Our accessibility statement for this website.

The City Law School is one of London’s major law schools, offering a range of academic and professional courses, and is situated in the very heart of legal London.

To find out how you can become a student here too, check out the City Law School website.

Lawbore is the creation of Emily Allbon, Senior Lecturer in Law at City Law School.

If you have any feedback on the site or would like to contribute to it, Emily would love to hear from you. For technical problems with the site, please contact Howard Richardson, the developer.

Emily Allbon
Senior Lecturer in Law
City, University of London
Northampton Square
London EC1V 0HB
United Kingdom